A keto/ketogenic diet is a low carb, moderate protein, higher fat diet. When one take very less carbohydrates on a keto diet, then maintain moderate protein consumption and should increase the intake of fat. The reduction in carbohydrate intake may put the body in a metabolic state called ketosis, where fat, both from the diet and the body, is burned for producing energy which is then utilized by the brain and also the body.
When to use
Ketogenic diets may help control seizures caused by epilepsy. But again, it should be followed under the supervision of physician. Keto diet can also work for weight loss, but it’ll only work for brief term, it’ll not add the future, neither is it safe.
- Kidney problems: Following the keto diet results in higher consumption of high-fat food from animal sources like meat, eggs, and cheese, which ultimately can stress the kidneys, increasing the chance of kidney stones. This will also cause worsening of the kidney condition by increasing the acidity of blood and urine. The role of kidneys is to metabolize protein and therefore the keto diet may overload them. Kidney stones may develop, as high-meat intake can cause increased excretion of calcium in the urine.
- Heart problems: As a keto diet is high in fat, so it should cause an increase in bad cholesterol, thus putting individuals in danger of a heart condition.
- Liver problems: If the person is already affected by a liver problem, going on a keto diet will only worsen the condition, as a load of fat metabolism increases.
- Digestive Issues: Ketogenic diet is low in fiber, so it should cause digestive discomfort and constipation.
- Low blood glucose level: Ketogenic diet isn’t advised for type 1 diabetes patients, because it’s going to result in low HbA1c levels, putting the individuals at high risk. Keto diet is efficient just for a brief term in type 2 diabetes patients.
- Keto flu: The keto flu could be a collection of symptoms related to the body adapting to a ketogenic diet. Fatigue, nausea, dizziness, headaches, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and constipation are a number of symptoms.
- Nutritional deficiencies: As keto diet is incredibly low in fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, etc – all of which are essential for a healthy, diet. So, it can cause a higher risk for micronutrient deficiencies like vitamins A, B, and C, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. Moreover, the intake of unhealthy fats could lead to long-term negative effects, especially without the consumption of fruits and legumes.
In a nutshell, a ketogenic diet must be followed after dietician advice. They’re going to study the condition of the patients in detail and help them with an individualized plan.